Teaching Of English B

Glossary of Teaching of English B


COMPILED BY: Prof. Alima Mudasir
Accuracy
Originated from Latin word accurare which means "do with care". Accuracy is said to be achieved by a person in a language when that person is able to communicate in that particular language correctly.
Anthropology
Is the study of human origins, societies and cultures.
Approach
Is concerned with the theory of the nature of language and language learning.
Behaviourism
Is a language learning theory which views both verbal and non-verbal learning as habit formation. Language is learnt through imitation and repetition.
Bilingual Method
In this method of teaching, it is the teacher who always makes use of the mother tongue to explain the meanings and not the learners. The learner is sufficiently subjected to sentence pattern drills. Reading and writing are introduced early in the course of language teaching and there is an integration of the speaking and writing skills.
Classical languages
Are ancient Greek, Hellenic, Latin and roman languages.
Cognitive view of learning
Holds that language learning does not take place solely through imitation and repetition. Humans have an internal inborn facility that helps them discover the underlying pattern of the language they hear, form their own hypothesis and construct sentences which are new and novel at times.
Communicative Language teaching (CLT) Method
It is an approach to the teaching of second and foreign languages that emphasizes interaction as both the means and ultimate goal of learning a language.
Congenial atmosphere
A surrounding which is pleasant because of qualities or interests similar to ones own.
Curriculum / curricula / curriculums
The subjects included in a course of study in a school or college.
Grammar translation
Method
It is a foreign language teaching method. This method is derived from the classical method of teaching Greek and Latin. It is sometimes also called traditional method of teaching. This method requires students to translate whole text word for word and memorize numerous grammatical rules and exceptions as well as enormous vocabulary lists. The goal of this method is to be able to read and translate literary masterpieces and classics.
Insight
Is the ability to understand the truth about someone or something.
Lexical
It has originated from Greek word lexikos meaning "of words". Words of a language form Lexical item of that particular language.
Lingua franca
Is a language that is used as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different.
Linguistic competence
Having the necessary skill and knowledge of foreign languages.
Method
Refers to classroom activities, tasks and moment-to-moment process of teaching, the role of the learner and the teacher.
Missionary
A person sent on a religious mission.
Mother tongue
Is a person's native language.
Motivation
Is the enthusiasm behind one's actions or behavior.
Multilingual country
A country where several languages are used.
N.C.E.R.T
National council of Educational Research and training.
Orientals Policy
A policy having to do with the far eastern countries.
Pedagogy
Is the science of teaching or theory of teaching.
Philanthropist
Is a person who donates money to good causes or otherwise helps others.
Procedure
Is concerned with what happens in the actual class room. Therefore, it includes classroom techniques, practices and behaviours.
Prose
Is the ordinary written or spoken language.
Psychology
Is the scientific study of the human mind and its functions.
Public Debate
Is an open debate in which everyone can take part either through print media or electronic media.
Seminar
Is a meeting for discussion or training of a specific topic.
Sociology
Is the study of the development, the structure and functioning of human society.
Structuralism
Is a theory that says that texts, languages and social systems should be regarded as a structure whose various parts have meaning only when considered in a relation to each other.
The Direct method
Of teaching foreign languages, refrains from using the learner's native language and instead uses only the target language. Vocabulary is taught through pantomiming, real-life objects and other visual materials. Grammar is taught by using an inductive approach. It is teacher-centric.
The Eclectic Approach
of language teaching
It is a combination of different learning approaches. It is a variety of teaching methods and curricula to accomplish educational goals. In this method teachers combine different strengths from different philosophies and most of the times use their own unique theory, creativity and vision.
Three language formula
The central advisory Board of education devised a formula for teaching at least three languages at the school level. This formula is known as the three language formula.
Vernacular
The language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country or region.
Verse
Is a writing that is arranged with a regular rhythm, and often having a rhyme.
Vocabulary
Is the body of words used in a particular language or in a particular activity.
Workshop
Is a meeting at which a group engages in intensive discussion and activity on a particular subject or project.

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