Principles of Education B

Glossary of the thoery and Principles of Education B


The College has its own Parks & Lawns for the students to sit in leisure time viz: Short breaks between the periods and for lunch purposes. A number of benches are kept available too for the convenience of the students.

Gardeners & sweepers perform their regular work for their maintenence and cleanliness. These Lawns & parks add to the beauty of the college & provide natural ambience. Five majestic chinars add a beautifying and native heritage dimension. The Locot trees also add charm to the college surroundings.

Absolute
Used by usually idealists to denote totally what reality exists thought of as a unitary system.
Abstraction
Abstraction refers to universal ideas grasped and appropriated by the mind.
Absurdity
Something as against common sense and reason.
Aesthetics
Branch of Philosophy related to the aspects of beauty.
Apriorism
Refers to the idea that mind in preloaded with ideas and genuine knowledge is possible without experience.
Aristotle
Greek philosopher (384-322 B.C) disciple of Plato. 
Asceticism
Derived from Greek word meaning self-denial. The view that body is to be denied pleasure.
Atheism
The negation of God.
Axiology
A statement for which no proof is required and which occurs as a basis / premise of many arguments but as the conclusion of none.
Ability Grouping
Commonly termed as tracking, this is a type of instructional methodology of grouping students keeping into consideration their academic abilities in the class. This permits the teacher to give a common level to tutoring to the entire class.
Ability Tests
Standardized tests carried out to assess the overall efficiency of a person mentally.
Abnormality
In psychological terms, any mental, emotional, or behavioral activity that deviates from culturally or scientifically accepted norms.
Abreaction
Emotional release or discharge after recalling a painful experience that has been repressed because it was not consciously tolerable. A therapeutic effect sometimes occurs through partial or repeated discharge of the painful affect.
Absentee Management
In addition to recording and reporting student absences according to their particular school's rules, teachers can also employ strategies designed to encourage students to attend class regularly. One approach is to call parents during the evening, as soon as the student misses a day of school. This call can also be used to arrow till teacher to get to know the parents better and to collect information to be used in the preparation of make-up materials for the child.
Ability Profiles
Chart or diagram that graphically depicts an individual's score.
Becoming
Refers to the events from coming into being and moving out of being. Quality change in time.
Being
The thing underlying appearance man's essence as against his outer appearance.
Brahma
Brahma is a creator God in Hinduism.
Capitalism
An economic system where means of production are under individuals.
Cartesianism
The term refers to all philosophies following assumptions of Rene Descartes.
Cognition
Derived from Greek word "Cognitio" which means knowledge. The term applies to knowing as well as knowledge.
Cognitive
Related to cognition, mental process connected with understanding.
Communism
Derived from Greek word "communes" meaning common, collective or public. A social structure in which wealth is put under collective control.
Character
Refers to traits such as kindness, industriousness, sympathy, etc. something relatively permanent as manifest in conduct whether morally good or bad.
Child centered education
Education revolving rounds the child.
Class conflict
The conflict between haves and have not's.
Creativity
Refers to the ability of divergent thinking or open ended thought.
Culture
It indicates total values, beliefs, art, scholarship, artifacts etc of a group, society or a nation.
Curriculum
Organized course of study in a school, college or university.
Decentralization
Delegation of responsibility by the control authority to the sub ordinates in a school system.
Detention
It is a form of punishment.
Detention centre
Refers to a centre where young offenders may be committed by a court.
 
Democracy
 
From the Greek word "Demos" meaning the people and kart's "to rule". Literary it means the rule of the people usually by representation.
Deduction
The movement form general to a particular proposition or premise
Discipline
Refers to teachers classroom control or general restraint of pupil s behavior
EGO
From Latin ego means "I" the Individual self
Egoism
The doctrine that all of one's actions either are or to be self directed.
Empathy
The state of partial identification with the object
Empiricisms
Knowledge based on experience, sense data
Epistemology
The briny of philosophy concerning theory of knowledge.
Essence
The notion of affixed and timeless possibility of existence, derived from Aristotle by his medieval interpreters
Eternal
Non temporal.
Ethics
A philosophical investigation into moral's and the distinction between good and evil.
Evil
The opposite of good
Evolution
The Progress from simple forms to complex to elaborate systems
Experience
Information gained from the senses rather than from reason
Experiment
An act in which the researcher controls variables instead of studying a situation as it exists. 
Fascism
The name of Italian political organization Founded by Mussolini in 1919.
Fatalism
The doctrine that all things happen according to an in execrable fate.
Feeling
Any portion of one's awareness characterized by sensation and emotion.
Fore knowledge
The doctrine that God has knowledge of the future by virtue of his eternity
Freewill
That man is able to choose and act according to the dictates of his own will
GOD
An object of religious worship
Good
The idea of good or of value, plays a role in all philosophical but primarily in ethics aesthetics & axiology.
Grammar
Science of language, its pronunciation, syntax and inflexion.
Group Teaching
Refers to the practice of dividing a class of children into groups by ability, interest or some other criterion.
Learning
Refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of past experience.
Life Style
Refers to the way of living closer by an individual as a personal response to the social and cultural milieu.
Pacing
Refers to guidance by teacher so as to increase pupils reading speed.
Paradigm
Synonymous with example or model.
Paragraphia
Condition wherein writing is characterized by a choice of wrong words or letters.
Parallel-Forming Reliability
It is one of the forms of statistical reliability that measures the reliability between parallel or equivalent forms of the same test.
Parallel Play
Parallel play means that all children use the same toys but play side by side rather than with each other.
Paramedical Occupations
Refers to occupations or professions which deal with supporting, supple-menting and aiding the work of qualified medical personnel.
Parametic Test
Test wherein assumptions or estimations are made about a parameter of the population, e.g., that a variable like intelligence has a normal distribution curve.
Paranoia
State of mental disorder characterized by the presence of delusions, particularly of persecution.
Paraplegic
Refers to a person whose lower part of the body are paralyzed.
Paraprofessional
Refers to a ­person who has received minimal training in a profession and works as an aide for those who are fully qualified.
Parental Value System
Refers to an attitudes and beliefs of parents in the social, educational, moral, political and religious spheres.
Parent Association
Association of parents of pupils at a particular school.
Parenthood Education
Refers to a training provided to teen agers to be good parents teaching them about child development and by putting them in close contact with young children.
Pareto Optimum
It is the best strategy in a non - zero sum ­game for maximizing the total wins of all the players.
Party of Esteem
Refers to belief that different types of school enjoy equal status in eyes of teacher, pupils and public.
Partial Correlation
Statistical technique used for examining the relationship between two variables whilst holding the effects of a third variable constant.
Pastoral Role
Those aspects of the role of the teacher in which he is concerned with care, counseling and guidance.
Paternalism
Management's style that is a blend of authoritarianism and the provision of extensive welfare facilities.
Paterson Method
Method of job evaluation. The method .assumes that all jobs can be analyzed by the degree of decision-making involved in job.
Pathology
It deals with the study of abnormal conditions; particularly in medicine, the study of disease, its cause and effects.
Pathway Scheme
Course unit plan where the student can choose different routes through the choice of units.
Pattern Drill
In language teaching refers to an oral exercise that makes use of basic or model utterances.
Patterned Responses
Desired response cued by making use of various organizations of stimuli.
Pattern Variables
Polarities in the role of the teacher, e.g., between involvement and detachment, specific and diffuse aims.
Pedagogical Role
Refers to specific type of pupil perform classroom.
Pedagogy
It is the science of teaching.
Percentile Rank
Refers to the position of an individual score expressed as a percentile.
Perception
Process whereby the individual organizes and makes sense of his sensory experience.
Perceptual Defence
means not seeing what one wish to see as a preventing personality, values etc.
Perceptual Skills
These are the abilities in the process of perception, e.g .. Perception, skills in distinguishing vowels and consonants.

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