Measurement and Evaluation

Glossary of Educational Measurement and Evaluation


COMPILED BY :Prof. Saleem parvez
Ability
The quality of being able to perform a mental or physical task or action with a minimum or greater degree of success, through appli­cation of innate talent, acquired skill, acquired knowledge, or any combination of these.
Ability Tests
Standardized tests carried out to access the overall efficiency of a person mentally.  
Ability level
The minimum or greater degree of success with which a given mental or physical task or action can be performed; an ability level can pertain to an individual, or to the average range of ability found in a group of persons. The term is often used in education iJ connection with student performance on a comparative basis in subject or study area.
Abnormal
The quality of deviating from the norm, normal, or usual in persons, things, or events.
Abnormal child
A child considered (or ascertained) to stand either above or well below the middle half or two thirds of the curves normal distribution with respect to one or more measurable characteristics such as growth, physical size and capabilities, mental abilities, achievement in school subjects, and emotional stability and maturity.
Absence
The state of students or teachers not being present in school or college when studies are in session, and the recording of their absence.
Abstract
1. A concise summary or recapitulation of major poin1 written or oral material. Specifically, the opening summary of a scholarly research report presented as a journal article or in documentary form. 2. To remove or set apart a portion or portions from a larger whole. 3. Theoretical; disembodied; not concrete; pertaining to pure form or principle rather than to representations of reality, as in "abstract painting" in art.
Aggression
Refer to human or animal behavior intended to injure self or others.
Algorithm
It is a logical sequence of steps that lead to the solution of a problem.
Anxiety
It is the complex emotional experience, often unconscious in origin, with fear or dread as its most notable characteristics.
Asemasia
Refer to inability to use or understand language due to pathological reasons.
Association
Refer to any connection formed through learning where the two ideas connected shall be attended together as parts of a continuous mental process.
Behaviorist
The psychologist whose professional orientation is towards behaviourism.
Beta Rhythm
Electrical activity of the normal brain.
Bibliography
List of books or other written materials placed for reference after a piece of academic writing or appearing as a separate publication.
Boarder
Refer to a child who resides and is educated in a boarding school.
Bridge course
It is a course deliberately planned to commence in one institution but continue and terminate in another.
Broken home
family group where in parents are separately or divorced or where one or other has deserted the children.
Capitation fee
refers to the fee charged according to the number of people involved.
Care
used in education in the two senses of carefulness and devotion.
Caretaker
individual who is responsible for on-site upkeep, maintenance and cleaning of a school.
Case history
a method used in management education and training. In this a true story of an industrial or business situation is used to illustrate the subject studied and to promote discussion.
Catalogue Or announcement or bulletin
Refers to the publication issued by a US college or university to provide information on its courses, facilities, services, staffing etc.
Catharsin
means relaxation of emotional tension by expression reaction.
Certificate in education
award of qualification to teach.
Chalk-and-talk
teaching method wherein the teacher presents material with a minimum of pupil involment or discovery, and with the black board as the teaching aid.
Chancellor
chairman of the highest decision making bodies of a university.
Creativity
The ability for divergent thinking or open-ended thought.
Dalton plan
Under this plan people are given monthly assignment in each subject, their progress being recorded on job cards.
Data
Statistics refer to recorded descriptions of observations of an individual or other subject or group of subject on a psychological test.
Deductive methods
Teaching from general principles and then leading to particular examples and applications.
Delinquency
Refers to crimes or offences carried out by young people who are older than the age of criminal responsibility but not liable as adults.
Department
refer to one who relies on another for support.
Depth psychology
refer to the study of unconsciousness motivation and conflicts.

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