Education System In India

Glossary of Development of Education system in india


(Paper-3rd) by "Prof. Sheenam Abrak"
Abhidhamma pitak
Discreption of main teaching of Lord Buddha.
Acharya
The guru or teacher.
Alma mater
The school, college or university where you studied.
Ashtangmarg
The eightfold path given by Buddha for eradication of ignorance. This path leads to good pure, pious and noble life. The eight steps of astangmarg are:
 (a) Right knowledge.
 (b) Right will.
(c) Right speech.
 (d) Right actions.
 (e) Right vocations.
 (f)  Right exercise.
 (g) Right memory.
(i) Right concentration.
Atharvaveda
Atharvaveda is a book of magic spells used against diseases, animals, wizards and some spells for bringing prosperity and good luck.
Bismillah Khani
This was special method of education to Maktabas (primary schools). In case of male child it is called Bismillah khani (means to begin education with Gods blessing) and in case of female it is called 'Zarijshani' . Zarijshani means sprinkling of hold.
Celibacy (Brahmacharya)
The students have to observe celibacy till the age of 26. They had to control sexual impulses.
Curriculum
curriculum is frame work or boundary of the teacher.
DIET
District institutes of education and training established for organizing pre-service and in-service course for elementary school     teachers      and    for
personnel working in non-formal and adult education.
Distance Education
It is a method of indirect instruction and a system of non formal education. It is imparted through correspondence, contact programmes, electronic media like radio, TV and students are not under the continuous or immediate supervision of tutors.
E.C.C.E
Early childhood care and education.
Elementary education
It means primary education. It is compulsory education of children between the age of 6-14 years.
Formal education
Formal education has formal ends, formal means. There are qualified teachers who impart education. Both educator and educand are conscious of the process. Examinations are held and certificates or degrees are awarded. It starts and ends at a particular stage.
Harijans
The name given by M.K.Gandhi for lower and schedule cast peoples. "Hari" means "God" and "jan" means "human being" and it states all humans are equal, all are created by God .
Indigenous schools
Schools run by Indians themselves to impart Indian religious education and medium of instruction was a vernacular language.
Informal education
This type of education has no formal ends and no formal means, no specific teachers, neither educator nor educand is conscious of the process. There is no organizing body behind it and it continues throughout life.
Instinct
The knowledge and ability which allows animals and people naturally to act in a particular ways without having to think or be taught.
Intellect
The ability to think intelligently and understand and ability to do things to high level.
Kothari Commission
Indian education commission 1964-66 was given by Dr. D.S.Kothari and this commission is known as productivity commission.
Logic
Particular way of thinking which is reasonable and judgment.
Lord Buddha
Founder of Buddhism and he not wrote any book himself and his followers made collection of his preachings 100 years after his death and the collection is known as Tripitakas.
Madrasa
After the completion of primary education a child was to join higher class and for that madrasas were built. In these madrasas were imparting educations from 5th to 10th.
Makhtabas
The institutions were primary or elementary education was given. It is derived from arabic word 'kutub' means a place were writing is taught and attached to mosques.
Mass Literacy Programme (MLP)
It is the eradication of illiteracy particularly in the age group 15-35 years.
Medieval period
The middle mast period between ancient and mordern era.
Meditation
The act of giving attention to only one thing, either as a religious activity or as a way of becoming calm and relaxed.
NCERT
National Council for Educational Research and Training.
Nirvana
It means salvation from instincts and deaths.
Non formal
It is education intentionally given outside the formal system and there is some organizing body behind it. Means of non formal education are correspondence courses, radio, television, seminars, discussion, workshops, etc.
NPE
National  policy on education or new education policy 1986. This policy on education was first given by the Prime Minister of India Mr. Rajiv Gandhi in his broadcast to the nation on January 1985.
Operation Black Board
The provision will be made of essential facilities in primary schools which include: Atleast two reasonably large rooms that can be used in all weathers and necessary toys, maps, charts and other learning material black board and atleast two teachers one of whom is a woman.
Pababja ritual
It was the sacred ceremony like upanayan of the vedic period after which child was intiated into the field of education.
Rigveda
Rigveda is oldest strata of Indian civilization, nothing is as oldest as Rigveda. It has 1017 hymns. In words of Max Muller "There is nothing more primitive, more ancient than the hymns of Rigveda.
Sakta Pitak
It includes religious sermons and examples.
salvation (mokhash) (mukti)
Means freedom from birth and death.
 
Samarveda
It is the veda of chants (religious songs) which is the collection of verses with musical notations.
Sangh
Sangh means sang, sang means saath, living  together in monasteries.
Spirituality
Understanding of the religion, not material part of life.
SSA
The scheme for saran shikshah abhiyan was evolved from recommendations of state education ministers, conference held in oct - 1998.
Stagnation
When a child fails in a certain class of primary stage and required to study in the same or that very particular class stagnation or it is the detention of a child in the lower class for period of more than one year.
UEE
Universalization of elementary education means education for all not for a selected few and making education available to all children in age group 6-14 or class Ist - VIII.
University of Retention
It means that after joining the school a child should remain there till he completes his primary school course.
Upadhyas
The higher authority in Buddhist education and should be capable of resolving doubts of students.
Upsanpada ritual
After attaining age of 25 yrs and education of 12 yrs the students recieve instructions at the age of twenty yrs and till this stage they were just medicants lived in sanghs. After this ritual the monks were called 'Bhikshu' and female monks 'Bhikshuni'.
Vedic
Derived from verbal root 'vid' means to know. Thus derivative meaning of Vedas is knowledge of the ways and means of achieving spiritual progress in life. Vedas are four in number.
Vinay Pitak
It consists of rules of behavior.
Wastage
It refers to pre-mature withdrawal of children from school at any stage before the completion of primary course.
Wood's Dispatch
Given by Charles Wood, popularly known as Wood's dispatch is the corner stone of Indian education and magnacharts of Indian education.
Yagurveda
It consists of Mantras, formulas, hymns of verse, prayers. It provides information about religions and secular aspects of life of the people of ancient India.

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